kibana搭建

Kibana

简介

Kibana是一个数据分析和可视化平台。

它是 Elastic Stack 成员之一,设计用于和 Elasticsearch 协作。您可以使用 Kibana 对 Elasticsearch 索引中的数据进行搜索、查看、交互操作。您可以很方便的利用图表、表格及地图对数据进行多元化的分析和呈现。

Kibana 可以使大数据通俗易懂。它很简单,基于浏览器的界面便于您快速创建和分享动态数据仪表板来追踪 Elasticsearch 的实时数据变化。

搭建

Kibana 的版本需要和 Elasticsearch 的版本一致。这是官方支持的配置。

不支持的情况:

  • 主版本号高:Kibana 5.x—Elasticsearch 2.x
  • 子版本号高:Kibana 5.1—Elasticsearch 5.0

运行一个 Elasticsearch 子版本号大于 Kibana 的版本基本不会有问题。

安装

tar.gz

用于在linux系统和Drawin系统下的安装,也是最方便的一种选择。

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# 版本
VERSION=7.3.0

# 下载链接:linux和Drawin
URL1=https://artifacts.elastic.co/downloads/kibana/kibana-${VERSION}-linux-x86_64.tar.gz

URL2=https://artifacts.elastic.co/downloads/kibana/kibana-${VERSION}-darwin-x86_64.tar.gz

# 下载
wget ${URL1}
wget ${URL2}

# 解压下载好的文件
tar -zxf kibana-{VERSION}-darwin-x86_64.tar.gz
tar -zxf kibana-{VERSION}-linux-x86_64.tar.gz

解压完之后,会生成一个kibana家目录。

从命令行启动

默认Kibana在前台启动,打印日志到标准输出 (stdout),可以通过 Ctrl C 命令终止运行。

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./bin/kibana
配置文件

Kibana 默认情况下从 $KIBANA_HOME/config/kibana.yml 加载配置文件。

zip

windows安装kibana。

deb包安装

deb 包用来在 Debian、Ubuntu 和其他基于 Debian 的系统下安装,Debian 包可以从Elastic官网或者apt仓库下载。

RPM包安装

rpm 包用来在 Red Hat、Centos、SLES、OpenSuSe 以及其他基于 RPM 的系统下安装。RPM 包可以从 Elastic 官网或者RPM仓库下载。

配置

Docker运行kibana

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# 默认值5601,由后端服务器提供服务,该配置指定kibana服务器绑定使用的端口号。
# Kibana is served by a back end server. This setting specifies the port to use.
#server.port: 5601

# Specifies the address to which the Kibana server will bind. IP addresses and host names are both valid values.
# The default is 'localhost', which usually means remote machines will not be able to connect.
# To allow connections from remote users, set this parameter to a non-loopback address.
#server.host: "localhost"

# Enables you to specify a path to mount Kibana at if you are running behind a proxy.
# Use the `server.rewriteBasePath` setting to tell Kibana if it should remove the basePath
# from requests it receives, and to prevent a deprecation warning at startup.
# This setting cannot end in a slash.
#server.basePath: ""

# Specifies whether Kibana should rewrite requests that are prefixed with
# `server.basePath` or require that they are rewritten by your reverse proxy.
# This setting was effectively always `false` before Kibana 6.3 and will
# default to `true` starting in Kibana 7.0.
#server.rewriteBasePath: false

# The maximum payload size in bytes for incoming server requests.
#server.maxPayloadBytes: 1048576

# The Kibana server's name. This is used for display purposes.
#server.name: "your-hostname"

# The URLs of the Elasticsearch instances to use for all your queries.
#elasticsearch.hosts: ["http://localhost:9200"]

# When this setting's value is true Kibana uses the hostname specified in the server.host
# setting. When the value of this setting is false, Kibana uses the hostname of the host
# that connects to this Kibana instance.
#elasticsearch.preserveHost: true

# Kibana uses an index in Elasticsearch to store saved searches, visualizations and
# dashboards. Kibana creates a new index if the index doesn't already exist.
#kibana.index: ".kibana"

# The default application to load.
#kibana.defaultAppId: "home"

# If your Elasticsearch is protected with basic authentication, these settings provide
# the username and password that the Kibana server uses to perform maintenance on the Kibana
# index at startup. Your Kibana users still need to authenticate with Elasticsearch, which
# is proxied through the Kibana server.
#elasticsearch.username: "kibana"
#elasticsearch.password: "pass"

# Enables SSL and paths to the PEM-format SSL certificate and SSL key files, respectively.
# These settings enable SSL for outgoing requests from the Kibana server to the browser.
#server.ssl.enabled: false
#server.ssl.certificate: /path/to/your/server.crt
#server.ssl.key: /path/to/your/server.key

# Optional settings that provide the paths to the PEM-format SSL certificate and key files.
# These files validate that your Elasticsearch backend uses the same key files.
#elasticsearch.ssl.certificate: /path/to/your/client.crt
#elasticsearch.ssl.key: /path/to/your/client.key

# Optional setting that enables you to specify a path to the PEM file for the certificate
# authority for your Elasticsearch instance.
#elasticsearch.ssl.certificateAuthorities: [ "/path/to/your/CA.pem" ]

# To disregard the validity of SSL certificates, change this setting's value to 'none'.
#elasticsearch.ssl.verificationMode: full

# Time in milliseconds to wait for Elasticsearch to respond to pings. Defaults to the value of
# the elasticsearch.requestTimeout setting.
#elasticsearch.pingTimeout: 1500

# Time in milliseconds to wait for responses from the back end or Elasticsearch. This value
# must be a positive integer.
#elasticsearch.requestTimeout: 30000

# List of Kibana client-side headers to send to Elasticsearch. To send *no* client-side
# headers, set this value to [] (an empty list).
#elasticsearch.requestHeadersWhitelist: [ authorization ]

# Header names and values that are sent to Elasticsearch. Any custom headers cannot be overwritten
# by client-side headers, regardless of the elasticsearch.requestHeadersWhitelist configuration.
#elasticsearch.customHeaders: {}

# Time in milliseconds for Elasticsearch to wait for responses from shards. Set to 0 to disable.
#elasticsearch.shardTimeout: 30000

# Time in milliseconds to wait for Elasticsearch at Kibana startup before retrying.
#elasticsearch.startupTimeout: 5000

# Logs queries sent to Elasticsearch. Requires logging.verbose set to true.
#elasticsearch.logQueries: false

# Specifies the path where Kibana creates the process ID file.
#pid.file: /var/run/kibana.pid

# Enables you specify a file where Kibana stores log output.
#logging.dest: stdout

# Set the value of this setting to true to suppress all logging output.
#logging.silent: false

# Set the value of this setting to true to suppress all logging output other than error messages.
#logging.quiet: false

# Set the value of this setting to true to log all events, including system usage information
# and all requests.
#logging.verbose: false

# Set the interval in milliseconds to sample system and process performance
# metrics. Minimum is 100ms. Defaults to 5000.
#ops.interval: 5000

# Specifies locale to be used for all localizable strings, dates and number formats.
# Supported languages are the following: English - en , by default , Chinese - zh-CN .
#i18n.locale: "en"
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